flag, which will become the National Flag of Cuba, was raised
in Matanzas in May 19th, 1850, the very day that General
Narciso López seized the City of Cárdenas,
Matanzas province. For 19 years this flag symbolized anticolonial
Once the Independence War outbroke
in October 10th, 1868, the flag was adopted as national emblem
by the Asamblea Constituyente
de la República de Cuba (Constituent
Asembly of the Republic of Cuba) met in Guáimaro,
in April 11th, 1869.
Since then, each and every act of the Cuban independent movement
was presided by it.. José Martí expressed that
the blood shed by independence cleaned the doubtful origin
of the flag which will become glorious in the battlefields
The equilateral triangle which outstands is the perfect geometrical
shape, because of its equal three sides and three angles,
which means equality among men.
The three colours (white blue and red) are related to French
revoutionary triptyc of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity,
and besides they the ideals of justice expressed in white
pureness, and altuism and highness of those ideals in blue,
with the red, reflection of the blood shed in search of freedom.
They also incarnate the new republican and democratic ideals
that are synthetized in the citizen of the republic,free and
equal, with full rights and duties, opposedly to king´s
vassals, according to absolute monarchies´ conception.
Finally, the five-pointed star, with one pointing North to
indicate steadiness, expresses the balance between moral and
social qualities which must tipify the state, and shines by
its own light, it is to say, the independent state.
So, the star symbolizes liberty, the triangle equality and
the strips union, perfection and fraternity.
Symbolism on it conferred revolutionary transcendence and
allowed to identify Cuban nation perpetual ideals. Narciso
López, who was freemason, knew revolutionary, republican
and humanist symbolism. Because of this he included them in
the Cuban flag. His conception differs this one from the North
American, by reflecting not only the ideas of freedom, but
also those of equality and fraternity which inspired the French